Examples similar to nature vs nurture debate
Nile is actually the sum of thousands of streams and none of them can be truly called its source; the same is true for human nature and with few insects like butterfly.
This debate is similar to the dispute between English explores regarding source of Nile. The river Nile is actually the sum of thousands of streams and none of them can be truly called its source; the same is true of human nature.
When as by a miracle, the lovely butterfly bursts from the chrysalis full-winged and perfect...it has, for the most part, nothing to learn, because its little life flows from its organization like melody from a music box. - Douglas Alexander Spalding
The nature side of this debate emphasizes how much of an organism reflects biological factors. A few examples of biologically determined characteristics (nature) include - eye color, hair color, and skin color and certain genetic diseases. Life expectancy and height have a strong biological component, but they are also influenced by environmental factors and lifestyle. An example of a nativist theory within Psychology is Chomsky's concept of a language acquisition device ( LAD). According to this theory, all children are born with an instinctive mental capacity that allows them to both learn and produce language. Emil Kraepelin was a pioneer in the development of psychiatry as a scientific discipline. He was convinced that all mental illness had an organic cause, and he was one of the first scientists to emphasize brain pathology in mental illness.
I have called this principle, by which each slight variation, if useful, is preserved, by the term of Natural Selection. - Charles Darwin
William James believed that human beings are equipped with innate tendencies that were not derived from experience but from the Darwinian natural selection . He argued that reason could make an inference which will excite imagination so as to let loose the impulse and hence the animal richest in reason might also be the animal richest in instincts. He asserted that human beings have more instincts than animals.