Intelligent moving machine
One of the primary goals of evolutionary robotics is to develop automatic methods for creating intelligent autonomous robot controllers, and to do so in a way that does not require direct programming by humans.
The idea of an intelligent machine or a moving machine was concieved many centuries ago in folklore and mythologies. Metal gaurdsmen came to life in many stories that were told to entertain people.
Some scientists from ancient times created metal pegions that could talk, water clocks, kitchen appliances and musical machines.
However, serious research on Humanoid Robots started only few centuries back on machines that could talk or move or do varying tasks.
Leonardo Da Vinci, is noted for his work on such robots. Though we are talking about evolution of robots, it is interesting to note that the word Robot itself came in the last century only. The term Robot comes from the Czech word 'robota' which means 'forced work or labor'.
The Humanoid Robot took further shape in the 1930's. Westinghouse made a humanoid robot known as Elektro. It was exhibited at the 1939 and 1940 World's Fairs. The first electronic autonomous robots were created by Grey Walter at Bristol University, England in 1948.
Today the word "Robot" means any man‐made machine that can perform work or other actions normally performed by humans, They can be programmed to work either automatically or can be controlled by remote control.