Boric acid, also known as boracic acid or orthoboric acid, is naturally occurring compound of Boron. It occurs in minerals borax, boracite, boron atrocaicite and colemanite. It is also found in seawater, plants and in fruits.
Orthoboric acid, H3BO3 is a white crystalline solid, with soapy touch. It is sparingly soluble in water but highly soluble in hot water.
It can be prepared by acidifyng an aqueous solution of borax.
It is also formed by the hydrolysis (reaction with water or dilute acid) of boron compounds (halides, hydrides, etc.).
Boric acid has a layer structure in which planar BO3 units are joined by hydrogen bonds.
Boric acid is a weak monobasic acid. It is not a protonic acid but acts as a Lewis acid by accepting electrons from a hydroxyl ion.
On heating, orthoboric acid above 370K forms meta boric acid, HBO2 which on further heating yields boric oxide, B2O3
Uses of Boric acid :