Learning Objectives

After completing the topic, the student will be able to:

  • Define the terms acid, base, amphoteric substance and salt.
  • Classify the substances into acids, bases, amphoteric substances and salts.
  • Differentiate the properties of acids and bases.
  • Appreciate the various theories developed to describe acid base behavior of substances.
  • Define pH and express the strength of an acid or base on pH scale.
  • Understand the phenomenon of salt hydrolysis and know the significance of buffers.
  • Know the procedure involved in acid–base titrations, solve the problems based on acid–base titrations.
  • Plot and describe the titration curves.
  • Know the principle involved in using the indicators in acid – base titrations. Discuss the application of acids and bases.